The United States farm bill passed in 2018 has opened the doors to a $22 Billion USD market by 2022. The bill made industrial hemp-derived CBD legal nationwide.
One of the world’s biggest soft-drink giant, Coca Cola said in a statement that they will be closely watching the growth of CBD as an ingredient because of its use-case in functional wellness beverages.
Earlier known for its medical benefits such as pain and anxiety relieving properties, CBD is now becoming mainstream with a green rush of cannabis-inspired products that have taken over the market like a storm soon flooding the market, including beauty products.
Since there is lots of confusion and misconceptions around CBD, naming of different species and classifications in general, we will try to break it down for you.
Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. The plant is also known as hemp, although it is often used for Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use.
Based on Functional Hierarchy, Cannabis Plant has 3 recognized species:
- Cannabis Sativa
- Cannabis Indica
- Cannabis Ruderalis
Hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves have been long used in cooking, for medicinal purposes and as a recreational drug.
Hemp Vs Marijuana
Based on characteristic, Cannabis may be classified in 2 types:
- Hemp (extracted from a plant with less than 0.3 % THC by dry weight for non-drug use)
- Marijuana (extracted from a plant with more than 0.3% THC by dry weight for use as a drug)
CBD vs THC
CBD or Cannabidiol is one of the many active compounds of the Cannabis Sativa plant which is non-psychoactive in nature and has many medical benefits.
While it is THC or Tetrahydrocannabinol (another active compound of the same plant) that delivers the “high” and is known for its psychoactive properties.
If you’re living in a state that hasn’t legalised medical marijuana yet then you can still use products containing industrial hemp-derived CBD (extracted from a plant with less than 0.3 percent THC).
However, we strongly suggest that you check your state’s laws regarding CBD before taking up anything.
Hempseed Oil Vs CBD Oil
- Hempseed oil is extracted from the seeds of the Cannabis Sativa and contains no (or little) THC.
- CBD oil is extracted from stems and stalks of Cannabis Sativa and contains THC. It is labelled as Cannabidiol, full-spectrum hemp, hemp oil, PCR (phytocannabionoid rich) or PCR hemp extracts.
Hence, CBD oil is more expensive than hempseed oil, and has higher percentage of CBD. CBD hemp products have shown promise in curing problems related to anxiety, cognition, weight gain, etc.
Marijuana-derived CBD products (or CBD products that contain THC) may be more effective than Hemp-derived CBD products (or CBD products without THC or little THC).
CBD-Inspired Products & Uses:
- CBD Vaping has become the new trend which is not dangerous like smoking a cigarette. There are aerosol sprays in the market too.
- CBD oils have become very famous recently which are free from THC properties and can be used by placing them onto the tongue.
- Hemp products come in the form of capsules, oils, dried cannabis in the form of a liquid solution, you can check IHF LLC to know more about hemp products.
CBD Hemp Biomass
Biomass is a term that is used for an animal or plant material which is used to generate energy or heat production or to form a raw material. Hemp biomass comes in the form of dried CBD hemp seeds, or leaves.
In order to carry out CBD Hemp Biomass, the cannabis plant needs to be handled with such care that its strains of CBD hemp are protected. CBD strains come from cannabis sativa plant and are free from THC compound.
The cultivation and cropping of cannabis are carried out with different measures such as water-based and dry cropping. The expertise needs to make sure the crop is grown with all the precautions and measures to leads to CBD hemp biomass production.
The biomass of CBD hemp has been used for decades and has many health benefits treating a number of human health problems such as anxiety/ depression, weight management, nutrition, acts as antioxidant, has anti-inflammatory properties, treats epilepsy and multiple sclerosis as well.
CBD isn’t fully legal. It still remains a controlled substance. The United States Farm Bill 2018 paved the way for legalization of the cultivation of industrial hemp (defined as cannabis with less than 0.3 percent THC by dry weight) and removed various derivatives of hemp, including CBD, from the purview of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and the Controlled Substances Act.
However, the federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) still views CBD as a pharmaceutical drug. And because it has already approved CBD as a pharmaceutical (Epidiolex) for treating two forms of pediatric epilepsy, the FDA maintains that it is illegal to sell hemp-derived CBD as a dietary supplement.
The DEA, meanwhile, retains jurisdiction over CBD derived from marijuana (cannabis with more than 0.3 percent THC content by dry weight). CBD from Marijuana is still prohibited under the federal law.